A healthy diet may help to prevent certain long-term chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke and diabetes. It may also help to reduce your risk of developing some cancers and help you to keep a healthy weight. This leaflet explains the principles of a healthy diet. It is general advice for most people. The advice may be different for certain groups of people, including pregnant women, people with certain health problems or those with special dietary requirements. Your body needs energy to work normally and keep you alive. You obtain this energy from nutrients in the food that you eat – mostly, carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
Minerals and vitamins are other nutrients that are also important in your diet to help your body stay healthy. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. If you eat lots of wholegrain food every day, it will also help to make sure you get enough fibre. Most people in the UK currently have more than this. Download as PDF Printable version. Committee of Advertising Practice. They’re also a good source of fibre. British Dietetic Association. A balanced diet generally contains food from each of the following food groups. Also, be careful, as many meat-based recipes include creamy or fatty sauces which are high in calories. You may not be able to share meals with friends and loved ones, but there are lots of other ways to eat well and support your health at this difficult time.
Related Topics. If you eat and drink too little, you’ll lose weight. The information contained on this page and in any third party websites referred to on this page is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice nor is it intended to be for medical diagnosis or treatment. For details see our conditions. Oxford Medicine Online. Geneva: World Health Organization.