The gallbladder is a small organ tucked under the liver on the right side of the abdomen. Losing weight at a slow pace may make it less likely that you will develop gallstones. Patients should ask their doctors about how and when to get active after surgery. Both animal fat and animal protein may contribute to the formation of gallstones. It can also be helpful to track foods or drinks that aggravate or trigger side effects and exclude them if possible. Drugs made from bile acid are used to dissolve the stones. An experimental procedure that involves injecting a drug directly into the gallbladder to dissolve the stones.
Learn about our expanded patient care options and visitor guidelines. Gallstones form when bile stored in the gallbladder hardens into stone-like material. Too much cholesterol, bile salts, or bilirubin bile pigment can cause gallstones. When gallstones are present in the gallbladder itself, it is called cholelithiasis. When gallstones are present in the bile ducts, it is called choledocholithiasis. Gallstones that obstruct bile ducts can lead to a severe or life-threatening infection of the bile ducts, pancreas, or liver. Bile ducts can also be obstructed by cancer or trauma, but this is not related to gallstones. Cholesterol stones are believed to form when bile contains too much cholesterol, too much bilirubin, not enough bile salts, or when the gallbladder does not empty as it should for some other reason.
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Instead of storing it in the gallbladder, bile goes directly into the digestive system. The surgery may cause weight fluctuations. What are the most common gallbladder problems? Dietary predictors of symptom-associated gallstones in middle-aged women. Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine. Risk rises with increased weight. Hormone or estrogen replacement therapy can increase a woman’s risk of developing gallstones because estrogen causes the body to make more cholesterol, Joshi says. A person can temporarily follow a bland diet, which is also likely to be lower in calories and to promote slight weight loss. Problems such as gallstones and cholecystitis can affect its health, leading to pain and other complications. When bile remains in the gallbladder for an extended period, supersaturation can occur. Changes in enterohepatic cycling of bile salts increases risk of gallstone formation.
ERCP can also be used to extract stones when they are found, preventing the need for surgery. In: Barnard ND, editors. These factors include. Common side effects of gallbladder removal.