Red meat has been an important part of the human diet throughout human evolution. When included as part of a healthy, varied diet, red meat provides a rich source of high biological value protein and essential nutrients, some of which are more bioavailable than in alternative food sources. Particular nutrients in red meat have been identified as being in short supply in the diets of some groups of the population. The present paper discusses the role of red meat in the diets of young infants, adolescents, women of childbearing age and older adults and highlights key nutrients red meat can provide for these groups. The role of red meat in relation to satiety and weight control is discussed as the inclusion of lean red meat in a healthy, varied diet may help weight loss as part of an energy-reduced diet. A summary of the UK advice on the amount of red meat that can be consumed as part of a healthy, varied diet is also provided. Abstract Red meat has been an important part of the human diet throughout human evolution. Publication types Review. Substances Dietary Proteins Micronutrients.
Scientists at the University of Cambridge discovered that amino acids stimulate orexin cells more than any other nutrients do. Processed meat has been modified through salting, curing, smoking, drying, or other processes to preserve it or enhance flavor. Steak off the grill, roasted chicken, tender pot roasts, need I say more? Midthune, A. Another weakness in the conclusion from IARC is that chance, bias, and confounding could not be ruled out with the same degree of confidence for the relation of red-meat consumption and colon cancer, but these three issues were considered unlikely in the linkage of processed-meat intake and colon cancer. The environment and disease: association or causation? Iron helps carry oxygen to and throughout your tissues, while zinc is required for a strong immune system, wound healing and enzyme activity within your cells.
In addition, some researchers believe processed meat may potentially lead to inflammation in the colon that increases cancer risk Plos One. Those authors concluded that the differences in health behaviors modify the claimed relationship between diet and chronic disease risk. Summary Meat comes from a variety of animals and is classified as either red or white, depending on the source. Benbrahim-Tallaa, N. With veganism trending, many people are convincing themselves that plant-based foods can suffice when it comes to daily nutritional needs, removing all traces of meat from their diets. It has way too much to offer. Galvano, and P. Juurlink, and J. The working group evaluated over epidemiological studies, but only 7 of 14 studies of red meat and 12 of 18 on processed meat found increased risk of colorectal cancer in people eating the most meat. There are many nutrients in meat that are critical to overall health.