Background: The consumption of a Mediterranean diet MedDiet is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. However, its impact on blood pressure and endothelial function is not clear. Objective: We sought to determine the effects of adhering to the consumption of a MedDiet for 6 mo on blood pressure and endothelial function in older, healthy Australians. The MedDiet comprised mainly plant foods, abundant extra-virgin olive oil, and minimal red meat and processed foods. A total of participants commenced the study, and subjects completed the study. Dietary intake was monitored with the use of 3-d weighed food records. Data were analyzed with the use of linear mixed-effects models to determine adjusted between-group differences. At 6 mo, the percentage of FMD was higher by 1. Conclusion: Australian men and women who consumed a MedDiet for 6 mo had small but significantly lower systolic blood pressure and improved endothelial function.
Bari, Bari, Italy; ti. Hypertension is the main risk factor for cardiovascular disease CVD and all-cause mortality. Some studies have reported that food typical of the Mediterranean diet MedDiet, such as whole grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and extra virgin olive oil, have a favorable effect on the risk of hypertension, whereas food not typical of this dietary pattern such as red meat, processed meat, and poultry has an unfavorable effect. In this review, we have summarized observational and intervention studies, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews that have evaluated the effects of the MedDiet as a pattern towards blood pressure BP. However, the number of such studies is small. In general terms, the MedDiet has a favorable effect in reducing BP in hypertensive or healthy people but we do not have enough data to declare how strong this effect is. Many more studies are required to fully understand the BP changes induced by the MedDiet. Hypertension is the main risk factor for cardiovascular diseases CVD and all-cause mortality [ 1 ].
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There was no relation for age, diet group, sex, BMI, waist-to-hip ratio, or HDL cholesterol; only total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol were highest in subjects without scans. Mediterranean lifestyle and diet: deconstructing mechanisms of health benefits. For tender and tasty results, buy the smallest, freshest artichokes you can find. BMC Nutr ; 1 : Skip slide summaries Everything in This Slideshow. Our study has several limitations that should be considered. Percentage calculated from those who completed the question.