The human gut flora has 10 times more bacteria than the body has cells, but the majority of these bacteria should be located in the colon. Too much bacteria, even of a nonpathogenic nature, overgrowing in the small intestines can lead to various digestive and systemic symptoms as well as nutritional deficiencies. This article will discuss these symptoms, the common nutritional deficiencies that often result, and successful dietary treatment and management strategies dietitians can employ to treat SIBO and therefore IBS. These digestive symptoms result from both the high osmotic activity and fermentation potential of incompletely digested and unabsorbed carbohydrates present in the small intestines. Both the gas produced by intestinal fermentation and the water drawn through osmosis can contribute to bloating in SIBO patients. The type of gas produced by the bacteria also seems to impact the motility of the intestines. Hydrogen-producing patients are more likely to suffer from diarrhea, while methane producers are more prone to constipation. This chronic bacterial overgrowth also is associated with systemic symptoms such as fatigue, joint pain, headaches, depression, and loss of concentration as well as diverticulitis, hypothyroidism, obesity, and other chronic conditions. So measuring breath hydrogen and methane levels after giving patients a predetermined amount of lactulose or glucose is the easiest way to diagnose SIBO.
Bacteria in your small intestine is normal, but bacterial overgrowth can cause serious problems. Unlike the large intestine, which contains the majority of our gut bacteria, known as the gut microbiota, the small intestine should not have a ton of bacteria. The excess bacteria then ferment with food particles and nutrients in the small intestine and can cause an arrangement of problems. SIBO symptoms mainly affect the gut. Pain in the stomach, diarrhea, bloating, indigestion, and gas can all be symptoms of SIBO 1. A proper diet is essential in treating SIBO. The bacteria mainly eat carbohydrates, especially certain fibers, so the recommended diet plans limit carbohydrate intake, limiting the bacteria’s food supply and reducing the bacteria.
Nutritional deficiencies are difficult to correct when digestive symptoms are uncontrolled and the brush border remains damaged, but dietitians can recommend supplements once patients start feeling better. Research shows that compliance with the diet is a barrier. Gastroenterol Hepatol N Y. Your information is safe and will never be shared. Weinstock, click here. Shop Now. When so many foods have been eliminated from your diet for an extensive period of time, it is natural for your body to react in some way to various different foods. Particularly digestive enzymes, the occasional drop of oregano oil, and a prokinetic. Information provided is not intended as a substitute for the advice provided by your physician or other healthcare professional.